ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT

Ethereum staking services agree to 22% limit of all validators

189
SHARES
1.5k
VIEWS
ADVERTISEMENT

At least five Ethereum liquid staking providers have either imposed or are working to impose a self-limit rule in which they promise not to own more than 22% of the Ethereum staking market — seen as a move to ensure the Ethereum network remains decentralized.

Among the Ethereum staking providers either already committed or are working to commit to the self-limit rule include Rocket PoolStakeWise, Stader Labs and Diva Staking, according to Ethereum core developer Superphiz.

Puffer Finance, another liquid staking service, also announced its commitment to the self-limit. 

The proposal presumably aims to address concerns of Ethereum staking becoming increasingly centralized.

As to why the self-limit was proposed at 22%, Superphiz explained that because 66% of validators need to agree on the state of Ethereum, setting the limit below 22% means at least four major entities must collude in order for the chain to reach finalization.

Finality is the point where transactions on a blockchain are considered immutable, supposedly ensuring that transactions within a block cannot be altered.

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

The idea was proposed by Superphiz in May 2022 when he questioned whether a staking pool would be willing to put the health of the chain before its own profits.

Interestingly, the largest Ethereum liquid staking provider, Lido Finance, voted by a 99.81% majority not to self-limit back in June.

ADVERTISEMENT

“They have expressed an intention to control the majority of validators on the beacon chain,” Superphiz said in an Aug. 31 post.

Votes casted from Lido (LDO) token holders on the self-limiting proposal. Source: Snapshot

Lido currently dominates the Ethereum staking market, accounting 32.4% of all staked Ether, while the next entity, Coinbase, accounts for only 8.7% of the market, according to data from Dune Analytics.

Ethereum stakers by staking amount and market share, showing that Lido is the only one above the 22% threshold. Source: Dune Analytics

Who’s in the right? Mixed reactions from the Ethereum community

One industry pundit, “Mippo,” explained on Aug. 31 that the self-limit proposal has nothing to do with “Ethereum alignment” — a principle understood to enable credible neutrality and permissionless innovation on Ethereum.

Mippo claimed those trying to push the proposal wouldn’t make way if they were in Lido’s position.

Related: Ethereum is about to get crushed by liquid staking tokens

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

“Everyone is doing the economically selfish and rational thing here,” Mippo concluded.

“Folks in the ETH community should not shame more user-friendly solutions as greedy products,” said another observer.

ADVERTISEMENT

However, others were more wary of the potential centralization issues at hand, describing Lido’s market share dominance as “disgusting and selfish.”

Advertisement. Scroll to continue reading.

Collect this article as an NFT to preserve this moment in history and show your support for independent journalism in the crypto space.

Magazine: DeFi Dad, Hall of Flame: Ethereum is ‘woefully undervalued’ but growing more powerful

ADVERTISEMENT